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( 1972 . )
(1826-1901)


( 1946 )




- 1939:1) 23 (" - "); " " ( -
- 1920
- 1939-40



( 1977 - )






(Sauvy) (1898-1990)
( )
()


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( . . -) (1833-1907)


(1887-1943)

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